Make your own free website on Tripod.com

extract command

Windows Assistance

Go To
Home
Windows XP
Virus Info Center
Windows Web Sites
Books
Tips From The Past
Searching For
Commentary
Microsoft Security Bulletins
eMail
About This Site
Search Me


Advanced Search

Search The Web


Advanced Search

 

Extracting Files From Windows Cabs December 3, 2001


To Restore A File From A Known CAB

From Windows

From DOS

If you have been suckered into deleting a system file by the current hoax virus there is a very simple way to restore the file. Use the Extract.exe command to get the file from your Windows CD.

This is a specific example of using the Extract command. Listed below is the complete command and it's switch settings.

note: The extract.exe command is in the windows\system directory but I find it's easier  to use the extract.exe that is in the CABs directory.

I have searched all the CABs on the Windows CD and have located the CAB that contains the the deleted file. sulfnbk.exe is in Precopy1.cab. To extract this file from the cab and restore it to the correct directory:

x:\win9x\extract.exe /L c:\windows\command Precopy1.cab sulfnbk.exe

Note: x:\ is the location of your CD-ROM. win9x\ is the directory that contains the CABs. extract.exe is the program that does all the work. /L c:\windows\command is the location where the file will be stored. Precopy1.cab is the CAB that contains the missing file. sulfnbk.exe is the name of the file to be restored.

Use the Run command from the Start button. Copy the above data and run. You can also use the DOS Prompt. If you are an old DOS geek you will know how do use the DOS Prompt. For all others stay with the Run command from the Start button.

To Restore A File When The Correct Cab Is Unknown

If the correct CAB is unknown you can search all the cabs for the file using:

x:\win9x\extract.exe /A /L c:\windows\command base2.cab filename

The /A switch will allow you to search all CABs. If you sort the directory that holds the CABs and use the first listed CAB you will search most of the CABs but not all. The problem is not all CABs will be in the chain. Precopy1.cab is one of those. mini.cab is another. 

Using the /A switch and going through all the different CAB groups you should find the file. 

Extract Command

EXTRACT [/Y] [/A] [/D | /E] [/L dir] cabinet [filename ...]
EXTRACT [/Y] source [newname]
EXTRACT [/Y] /C source destination

cabinet - Cabinet file (contains two or more files).
filename - Name of the file to extract from the cabinet.
Wild cards and multiple filenames (separated by blanks) may be used.

source - Compressed file (a cabinet with only one file).
newname - New filename to give the extracted file. If not supplied, the original name is used.

/A Process ALL cabinets. Follows cabinet chain starting in first cabinet mentioned.
/C Copy source file to destination (to copy from DMF disks).
/D Display cabinet directory (use with filename to avoid extract).
/E Extract (use instead of *.* to extract all files).
/L dir Location to place extracted files (default is current directory).
/Y Do not prompt before overwriting an existing file.

extract-1.gif (9115 bytes)
Either type the name of the file to be replaced or click Browse to find the bad file.
extract-2.gif (6926 bytes)
Indicate the source and destination locations.
extract-3.gif (7192 bytes)
Either skip or define backup location for old file.

From Windows

If you can still get into Windows then go to Start Menu-> Programs-> Accessories-> System Tools-> System Information.

From the Tools menu select System File Checker.

Now check the bullet for Extracting One File. Put the filename in the box and click Start.

You will now give the location of the cabs file and where the specific file is to be stored. Click OK. note: You only need to know where the CABs are located. The specific CAB that holds the required file will automatically be located by the extraction utility.

You can specify a location to backup the old file or click Skip to just overwrite the existing file.

The file will now be restored.